Tarangire Conservation Area (TCA) occupies an area of over 585 sq km on the
north eastern border of Tarangire National Park. The TCA comprises four distinct
areas, the Lolkisale Conservation Area (LCA), the Naitolia
Concession Area (NCA), the Makuyuni Elephant Dispersal
Area (MEDA) and the Lolkisale Livestock and Wildlife
The Tarangire Conservation Area is an attempt to protect the important habitats
outside the Tarangire National Park as well as providing an opportunity for
the local communities to be involved in the management of the Conservation
Area and the revenue generated through various low impact tourism ventures.
Tarangire National Park occupies an area of nearly 2,600 sq km in an ecosystem of nearly 8,358 sq km. The park was established to protect the dry season refuge surrounding the Tarangire River. During the wet season from mid November to end of May, eighty percent of all wildlife departs from the National Park and head into the village lands adjacent to the park. The establishment of the TCA is an attempt to not only protect the adjacent village lands for wildlife preservation but in attempt to involve the local communities in the management of their lands for community benefit.
Without a concerted effort to protect the village lands surrounding
Tarangire National Park, the very future of the park itself will be in jeopardy.
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The Naitolia Concession Area is approximately 55 sq km, within the village
lands of Mswakini Juu and Makuyuni. The Concession Area protects the northern
migration routes from Tarangire National Park to Lake Manyara and the Natron
areas of the Tarangire Ecosystem. Within the Concession Area is the northern
extent of the Lemiyon Plains and the Naitolia floodplains, both of very high
importance in the Tarangire Ecosystem. Within the Concession Area is the small
eight bed Naitolia camp, which is the only tourist facility in the area
The Makuyuni Elephant Dispersal Area is approximately 38 sq km, within the
village of Makuyuni. This area represents a critical dispersal area for the
northern sub-population of elephants in Tarangire National Park and is used
mainly from April through to early June.
The LLWZ was established to provide a buffer zone from agricultural activities around Lolkisale Mountain to the east, and to preserve an area for traditional pastoralist's activities such as the grazing of cattle and goats, firewood collection and bee keeping, whilst also preserving the wet season migration routes and breeding grounds. The LLWZ is approximately 328 sq km and lies within Lolkisale village lands.
The area bounded by the Tarangire Conservation Area is comprised of a variety of habitats of significant importance to the greater Tarangire ecosystem. Tarangire National Park itself represents only 13% of this ecosystem, with 80% of the large mammal population leaving its environs for six months of the year.
It is recognized that the health of the greater Tarangire ecosystem is vital to the long term survival of Tarangire National Park.
The Tarangire Conservation Area contains large wetland habitats that are utilized by a significant number of the Tarangire National Parks 2,800 strong elephant population during the rainy season. In addition, other mammal populations, such as wildebeest, zebra and buffalo, also transit the Conservation Area on a seasonal basis.
The Conservation Area also protects the main watershed for the Tarangire River system in the northern part of the park.
The purpose of the Conservation Area is to actively protect these important habitats otherwise threatened by farming and other intrusive activities performed by members of local communities pursuing the limited revenue choices previously available to them.